Sunday, May 24, 2020

Conflict in Organizations, Good or Bad - 2729 Words

Conflict in organizations is not bad. Discuss. Organizational conflict is a state of discord caused by an actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests between people working together. Conflict takes many forms in organizations. There is the inevitable clash between formal authority and power and those individuals and groups affected. There are disputes over how revenues should be divided, how the work should be done and how long and hard people should work (team and relationship conflict). There are jurisdictional disagreements among individuals, executives, managers, teams, departments, and between unions and management. There are subtler forms of conflict involving rivalries, jealousies, personality†¦show more content†¦When a bad conflict worsens it becomes an ugly conflict. Ugly conflicts occurs where the manager (and perhaps employees) attempt to eliminate or suppress conflict in situations where it is impossible to do so. Ugly conflicts in organizations occur when: conflicts run for years, people have given up on resolving and addressing conflict problems, there is a good deal of private â€Å"bitching† and complaining but little attempt to fix the problem and when staff show little interest in working to achieve common goals, but spend more time and energy on protecting themselves Under these circumstances there is a tendency to look to the manager or formal leader as being responsible for the mess. In fact, that is how most employees would look at the situation. It is true that managers and supervisors play critical roles in determining how conflict is handled in the organization, but it is also true that the avoidance of these ugly conflicts must be a shared responsibility. Management and employees must work together in a cooperative way to reduce them, and increase the likelihood that conflict can be channeled into an effective force for change. The functional (good) view of organizational conflict sees conflict as a productive force, one that can stimulate members of the organization to increase their knowledge and skills, and their contribution to organizational innovation and productivity. Unlike the position mentionedShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Behavior- Conflict Management1567 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"Why Conflict is Good-Stop Avoiding It!à ¢â‚¬  To Study the positive aspect of organizational conflicts Abstract When we think of the word â€Å"conflict,† do we generally picture shouting matches, anger, icy stares, or nerve-shattering stressful confrontations? Workplace issues that generates frequent expressions of emotion, frustration and anger is conflict. But not all conflict is bad! Conflict is always difficult, but it leads to growth and change, which is good. No one likes pain, but pain wakesRead MoreOrganizational Conflict in a Formal Organization Essay1176 Words   |  5 PagesOrganizational Conflict in a Formal Organization The above subject matter cannot be discussed without first elucidating on the key subjects viz: ‘conflict’ and ‘formal organization’. The oxford dictionary of current English describes conflict as a lack of agreement between opinions another school of thought sees conflict as ‘a state of dysfunctionality in a system’. What ever the case, conflict occurs in our everyday life either within a person when faced with problemRead MoreThe Concept of Intra-Union Conflict1572 Words   |  7 PagesThe concept of intra-union conflict is not much different from that of intra-group or intra-organizational conflict. However, before we delve into that argument, it is essential that we consider an authoritative view of the subject matter from the International Labour Organization (ILO). The ILO (2006) states that ‘Conflicts within the trade union movement’ is â€Å"A matter involving no dispute between the government and the trade unions, but which involves a conflict within the trade union movementRead MoreMy Assessment On Business Ethics Online Discussion On Board1504 Words   |  7 Pagesethics ïÆ'Ëœ bounded ethicality ïÆ'Ëœ conflict of interest I n this activity shows what are loop hole between employs and originations and how personality affect in work place. I have some personal experience on work place and right down it .For my thinking is every Company or origination have monitoring system to keep looking what s going on inside the work place and how to manage it. my assessment based on three topics ,behavioral ethics, bounded ethicality, conflict of interest Ethics behaviorRead MoreCommunication Between Managers And Other Employees981 Words   |  4 Pagessupervisors and managers come together to create plans, strategies and goals for the organization this can be communicated by email, conferences in person and online video conferences as well as over the phone communication. Guru Kishore Nayak writes, â€Å"Planning is also distinguished from the strategies, with plans being more general and at a higher level of analysis (Nayak, 2014). Organizing a plan and having a good system is place is best implemen ted by making sure everyone is on one accord and thatRead MoreThe Ethics Of The Business Ethics1431 Words   |  6 Pages BUSINESS ETHICS INTRODUCTION:- Presentation Ethics are exceptionally regular and essential good esteem that helps us to take the right choice where we think that it hard to pick between our own advantages and the correct thing to do. We are going to talk about three sections of morals Behavioral morals, Bounded ethicality and last one is irreconcilable situation. As from the names of these parts of morals, its verging on clarifying the significance of it. It clarifies why great individualsRead MoreOrganizational Program Design Project Design1466 Words   |  6 PagesOGM in Healthcare MPH 543 October, 2014 Concordia University, Nebraska Abstract Majority of the organizations today are challenged by issues that test the strength and the ability of the organization; challenges that require strategic ways of thinking and effective leadership skill sets. In our present age of strategic dynamic change, it is critical that the managers and the leaders of organizations understand the source, cause of the evolving issues and develops the appropriate skills and strategiesRead MoreConflict Between Conflict And Conflict Management1164 Words   |  5 PagesThe most important point is that conflict in organizations is increasing as they become more complex, culturally diverse, and global. Conflict has been thought of as necessary at times to keep the wheels of progress turning. Therefore, concentration on conflict in organizations has went from strategies to try to eliminate it to managing it. One issue is training managers how to manage that conflict. Conflict can be detrimental or beneficial to the organization. In order to be benefi cial, leadersRead MoreConflict Between The Workplace And A Functioning Group959 Words   |  4 PagesConflict in the workplace can either be constructive or destructive to a functioning group or unit. Conflict is defined as a process that begins when one party perceives another party has or is about to negatively affects something the first party cares about (Robbins Judge, 2013). It is also believed that it is possible for someone to move into an authoritative position due to avoiding conflict, but their advancement usually stalls. In the past, I worked for a busy organization as an administrativeRead MoreEssay on Tough Guy Case Study1652 Words   |  7 Pagesaddresses the differences between the interests, ideas and thinking of two people and between groups. Each individual experience conflict in his day to day life . This paper consists of investment banking career and issues faced by an employee from his superior. In an organization, it is very important to emphasize on the conflict management as conflicts in an organization have its own pros and cons The paper explains root causes for the issues and criteria for finding the solution for the problem

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Proj 420 (Project Risk Management) Final Exam Answers

PROJ 420 (Project Risk Management) Final Exam Answers To Buy this Class Copy paste below link in your Brower http://homeworklance.com/downloads/proj-420-project-risk-management-final-exam-answers/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://homeworklance.com Email Us : lancehomework@gmail.com PROJ 420 (Project Risk Management) Final Exam Answers (TCO 1) Project risk has its origins in (Points : 5) (TCO 2) The identification process produces (Points : 5) (TCO 3) The outputs of the identification step include (Points : 5) (TCO 4) Risk assessment involves two basic functions: (Points : 5) . (TCO 5) Secondary risk is caused by (Points : 5) (TCO 6) The reporting step is designed to fulfill the function of (Points :†¦show more content†¦What characteristics would they have?(Points : 15) (TCO 4) What are the three heuristics that are used in the case of uncertainty?(Points : 15) (TCO 7) Once an active risk is encountered and the risk register action is taken, what can develop from that action?(Points : 15) (TCO 8) The focus of the post project review is to take advantage of what?(Points : 15) (TCO 1) There are four critical success factors for effective risk management. List them and provide a detailed description of each. (Points : 30) (TCO 2) This is a two-part

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Using Music Essay Samples

Using Music Essay Samples Music Essay Samples - Dead or Alive? It's also now typical in educational development as children learn how to play music at school. There are innumerous applications of music that individuals can produce. Thus, it is going to be less difficult to understand music and the physics that accompany this up to whatever level fits your needs. In another circumstance, using qualified language may be helpful to clarify music's subtleties precisely. Thus music essays have come to be a component of students as students are requested to compose essays relevant to the concepts of music and associated subjects. Each essay is going to be written with the aim of delivering some thing and people write essays in the regions of their interests and hobbies. It is possible to acquire decent sample essays from our site. Writing an audio college essay isn't a problem for us! As one grows and gains other perspectives of the planet, they also learn how to listen and lov e different varieties of music. The very first step to learning music appreciation is to realize the history of the various genres. Since you may see, there are several diverse topics associated with classical music you can learn about and discuss in your academic work. 1 notable observation is using distinct instruments in different genres. Many businesses utilize popular artists or songs as a medium to market their merchandise. The sales of music industry started to fall, however hard music piracy was persecuted. Quite a few innovators were involved with music in some manner. Be sure your essay will made in time, and that means you are going to be able to submit it beforehand in case you need. Have somebody else read your essay and supply constructive criticism before writing a last draft. Your choices in regards to writing an effective music essay really are quite varied! Strategies for writing a great music essay Wrap-up In short, writing an essay about pop music isn't an intricate job. The Battle Over Music Essay Samples and How to Win It Your paper on music ought to be a mix of compelling and entertaining main argument, clear structure, and suitable style. When you set your mind or must compose a hip hop music essay, you will need to gather the updated info and data about the topic. It's true, you've jus t one source for your paper. As soon as you've selected a specific topic associated with classical music, you should find and read info about it. What You Need to Know About Music Essay Samples To be able to actively listen, you have to first know what you're listening for. Mozart and only an extremely rare group of different people had the ability to keep everything organized in their heads. Music has the power to transport me back in time the same as a time machine. Sometimes, it is a way to hide from everything and everyone. Music Essay Samples at a Glance You indeed have to give your readers with a stance on the audio genre. In considering what sort of music is the most crucial, international music is surely helpful to society since it can be argued that it helps us to understand and relate to other individuals, cultures and countries as all of us listen to the exact same songs. There are lots of things it's possible to say about music. There are lots of various kinds of music I listen to. An excellent song is similar to poetry put to music, making it more challenging to analyze than some individuals might think. Usually, folks grow up listening to a specific genre and so become attracted to it. You might have heard people say they can't live without music. Lots of people use music for a way to get pumped'' up. A Secret Weapon for Music Essay Samples Music is additionally the connection between sound and silence. It is something that is part of our lives. It is the most inspirational phenomena I can think of for a multitude of reasons. It has always been a huge factor in my life. The Appeal of Music Essay Samples Inspiration is a phenomenon with several variables. Music gives me the strength I should push forward, to realize my objectives, and to feel that I possess the power to modify the fate of our world. Music therapy is growing in the sphere of medicine. Music changed my life since it provides a reminder of how we are likely to change our life and we ll-being to develop into optimistic. It plays a great role in everyone's life. It has the power to influence mood and behavior in people and it is no secret that it is used at every available opportunity. It is like yoga, it makes us happy and helps in keeping hormonal balance in the body, relief our body and mind and thus keeps us physically and mentally healthy.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Information Security and Privacy of Mobile Devices †Free Samples

Question: Discuss about the Security and Privacy of Mobile Devices. Answer: Introduction The rapid growth of mobile devices is becoming significant for the end users on the platform of computing in enterprise. The experience of user is intuitive with high capabilities of computing and having applications of more variation. The features of on connectivity and portability make this device to compel era of PC. The shifting of enterprise from the era of PC to the era of mobile devices needed the enterprise to secure the data and reducing risk of data breaching. In order to secure the important content within the mobile device requires the department of IT for adopting tool of new management as well as strategies for providing securities for the safety of mobile devices (Mislan, Casey Kessler, 2015). The organisation and the enterprise that follows the technologies of mobile devices will gain certain competitive advantage over the other companies due to heightened innovation. Mobile device Security Attack The attack on the mobile devices could be of different categories. The attack is mainly conducted for hacking the important data that is present within the mobile device. Attack can be categorized in different ways: Logical Problems: User Authentication The storing of corporate data in mobile devices should remain unread and not be altered by any people who are unauthorised. If this happens the confidentiality as well as integrity of the data present in mobile will be lost (Becher et al., 2012). As the utilisation of the data by the people those who are travelling are been increasing as the days are progressing as well as it develops maximum amount of threat on privacy of data. The authorised user should implement security mechanism for protecting the data like password, pin, token and biometric factors. This can be implemented for protecting data those are sensitive. Data confidentiality: Sensitive data like the organisation clients list as well as the phone number should be kept carefully managed within the mobile device. This data should not be seen by others. This data could be hacked by the attackers by spreading malware in device (LaPolla, Martnelli Sgandurra, 2013). Break-in ATTACKS: In breaking attacks the hackers manages to do the process of hacking by gaining partial control or having full control on the mobile device. There are two types of existence of Break in Attacks. They are Code injection as well as abusive logical error. Code injection is done by exploiting errors of programs that is leading to overflow of buffer and vulnerabilities of string format. The abusive logical error is delicate as it is depending on application as well as devices which are being attacked. Mobile Operating System The obligations of the vendors of mobile software are providing security to the mobile operating system. This process of providing security is one of the difficult jobs for the security service provider. The loss of data is related to data is security and also due to downtime of system. If lacking of security prevails the user will face immense difficulty (Wu et al., 2017). The model of control that is accessed by most of the systems is strong as it is supported by vendors of MOS. Network Threats Wireless Attacks: There are several types of attacks that leverage the targets wireless community. As mobile device helps in supporting communication without wireless connection they are been greatly affected by extraction of confidential as well as sensitive data like passwords and username. Wireless attacks is also misusing the identification of unique hardware like wireless LAN addresses that is used for tracking and profiling the device belonging to its owner. Malware can excellently exploit Bluetooth for propagation of its speed (Karlof Wagner, 2014). Attacks like phishing, spamming are been caused by wireless connectivity. Overbilling Attacks: In this type of threat the attackers propels random traffic for victim in their IP address. The provider does not has the ability to check whether traffic was been requested by victim. The hackers generally use the characteristics of always on of GPRS and that is been billed according to traffic amount and not according to the usage amount of data. Denial Of Service Attack (DOS): This threat for the mobile devices are related with strong connectivity as well as less capability. A large number of unwanted matters are been sent and trafficked in network of victims device. As the mobile devices hardware is limited therefore, the device becomes unusable once the traffic is sent by hackers (Chen, 2016). BYOD Attack: Bring Your Own Device attack is one of the new trend of attack. The organisation provided mobile devices for the workers who are doing travelling jobs so as to conduct swift business outside organisations boundary. But in recent trends it is seen that the employees are been asked to bring their own mobile devices (Xuan et al., 2014). This may lead to data breaching of company as the way of handling the device might not be the right way. The employees uses the smart phones of private consumer for fir the sake of business rather than using organisational devices. This may lead to leakage of sensitive data. Counter Measures The measures that could be followed for providing the security to the mobile phone devices are as follows: Providing Secured Operating System Architecture: Sandbox can be implemented for preventing malware so that it cannot access the information. It is a set of data which is associated with the mobile device application. The operating system of mobile device generally does not permit the app for accessing data which are outside sandboxes. This helps in mitigating the malware risk because if the files still get downloaded in the device the malware will not have the access for damaging or stealing of data (Hoffmann et al., 2013). Integrity of Operating system is also the suitable action for security that is based on the policies which is been well defined by organisation. Authentication: Authentication requires remote policies for password configuration. It permits remote configuration as well as local enforcement for policy of device password. Auto-wipe the device after failing to authentication attempts after specified number of times. The enterprise should certify the base identity for accessing the organisational data on the devices. Encryption: It helps in encrypting the data of enterprise at rest in the device. The strength of the password for the devices for enabling the encryption at the level of device and also ensuring it that all the apps are been encrypted accurately. End to end encryption helps in complete safeguard of data. Therefore, encryption is one of the significant part for the countermeasures. Secure Browsing: A secure browser like MobileIron Web@Work can be a secure browser as it allows the user for gaining access to the web resources of enterprise. The secure browsing will prevent the malware from been entering in to the devices through third party website and will also reduces leakage of data (Tang Xen, 2016). Network Security: It prevents loss of data through the network. It may be an open or a close network. App tunnelling will be one of the most important features for the security of network. The tunnelling of app level data provided helps the data to be in a secured position. Conclusion The pressure for supporting new portable operating frameworks will be a consistent test for IT offices in light of the fact that working framework and gadget decision are presently controlled by the shopper, not by the venture, and can change often. Versatile is one of the purest cases of the on summarization of IT, in which buyer conduct directs which innovations get received for business utilizes. Versatile working frameworks, for example, Android and iOS, and MobileIron, as an endeavour portability administration (EMM) stage, have developed to give the layered security controls venture requires to alleviate the danger of information misfortune on both corporate-claimed and by and by possessed gadgets (Goyal, Batra Singh, 2016). Subsequently of these controls, associations can now bolster the new era of portable working frameworks and gadgets that their client groups demand. In future the security dangers may even now turned out to be more regrettable inferable from the advancemen t and expanded use what's more, it will be troublesome for the IT Professionals to secure the cell phones alongside the individual and corporate information. In this paper the security issues of cell phones, conceivable arrangements and suggestions are talked about to a degree. Still there is a need to locate an inventive method or, on the other hand strategies or ways to deal with put a conclusion to the dangers and issues which will proceed as a ceaseless procedure. Questions Define Botnet Attack. When there is a group of mobile devices also known as term botclients contains facilities of malicious software , the operation is been conducted by the attacker also known as Botmaster for having control on the attack on targeted devices (Karim, Shah Salleh, 2014). However through botneck hackers can collect all the significant information and then launch DOS attack. What are the threat vectors that have been introduced by mobile? As the recent trend of Bring Your Own Device is becoming a trend in most of all the enterprise for increasing the productivity of organisation, therefore the device is now facing some security risk. They are categorised as: Based on Device- The on-connectivity of the device can permit the unauthorized users in accessing the data of business. Vulnerabilities of software will cause rooting of devices that compromises security of data (Saidu Xu, 2014). Network Based- The on-model needs the devices for being connected in internet. Therefore, the end clients can rely on public networks that are untrusted and this enable the malicious application to get enter in the device and steal or damages the data. References Becher, M., Freiling, F. C., Hoffmann, J., Holz, T., Uellenbeck, S., Wolf, C. (2012, May). Mobile security catching up? revealing the nuts and bolts of the security of mobile devices. InSecurity and Privacy (SP), 2011 IEEE Symposium on(pp. 96-111). IEEE. Chen, E. Y. (2016, April). Detecting DoS attacks on SIP systems. InVoIP Management and Security, 2006. 1st IEEE Workshop on(pp. 53-58). IEEE. Goyal, P., Batra, S., Singh, A. (2016). A literature review of security attack in mobile ad-hoc networks.International Journal of Computer Applications,9(12), 11-15. Hofmann, O. S., Kim, S., Dunn, A. M., Lee, M. Z., Witchel, E. (2013, March). Inktag: Secure applications on an untrusted operating system. InACM SIGARCH Computer Architecture News(Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 265-278). ACM. Karim, A., Shah, S. A. A., Salleh, R. (2014). Mobile botnet attacks: a thematic taxonomy. InNew Perspectives in Information Systems and Technologies, Volume 2(pp. 153-164). Springer International Publishing. Karlof, C., Wagner, D. (2013). Secure routing in wireless sensor networks: Attacks and countermeasures.Ad hoc networks,1(2), 293-315. La Polla, M., Martinelli, F., Sgandurra, D. (2013). A survey on security for mobile devices.IEEE communications surveys tutorials,15(1), 446-471. Mislan, R. P., Casey, E., Kessler, G. C. (2015). The growing need for on-scene triage of mobile devices.Digital Investigation,6(3), 112-124. Saidi, H., Xu, R. (2014).U.S. Patent No. 8,844,036. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Tang, X., Chen, J. (2016).U.S. Patent No. 9,231,913. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Wu, B., Chen, J., Wu, J., Cardei, M. (2017). A survey of attacks and countermeasures in mobile ad hoc networks. InWireless network security(pp. 103-135). Springer US. Xuan, D., Chellappan, S., Wang, X., Wang, S. (2014). Analyzing the secure overlay services architecture under intelligent DDoS attacks. InDistributed Computing Systems, 2004. Proceedings. 24th International Conference on(pp. 408-417). IEEE.

Friday, April 3, 2020

The Red Scare Essay Example For Students

The Red Scare Essay Many people label Edgar Allen Poe a horror writer, plain and simple others refer to Poe as the father of the detective story, but over all hes one Americas greatest writers. His ability of expressing the world in gothic ways, really captures the readers attention. Even though he lead a tough life and was known as a sadistic drug addict and alcoholic, he still managed to produce great pieces of literature. Three of his greatest works were The Tell Tale heart, The Fall of the House Usher, and The Raven. All of these are very known troughout the world and are considered three of Poes greatest pieces. He was born in Boston on January 19, 1809, his parents, regular members of Federal street theater, named him Edgar Poe. Shortly before his mothers death in Richmond, Virginia on December 8, 1811, his father abandoned the family. John Allen, a wealthy tobacco merchant in Richmond, brought Poe into the family (at his wifes request), and gave him the middle name Allen as a baptismal name, thou gh he never formally adopted him. Even though Allens treatment toward Poe is not exactly known, we know that Allen never treated Poe with sensitivity. In 1815, the Allen family moved to England on business. There, Poe entered the Manor-House School in Stoke-Newington, a London suburb.This school taught him the gothic architecture and historical landscape of the region made a deep imprint on his youthful imagination, which would effect his adult writings (Levin, 14). The Allens left England in June 1820, and arrived in Richmond on August 2. Here, Poe entered the English and Classical School of Joseph H. Clarke, a graduate of Trinity College in Dublin. On February 14, 1826, Poe entered the University of Virginia. Though he spent more time gambling and drinking than studying, he won top honors in French and Latin. On May 26, 1827, Poe enlisted in the US Army under the name Edgar A. Perry. He joined Battery H of the 1st Artillery, then stationed at Fort Independence. While Poe served th ere, Calvin F.S. Thomas printed Poes first book, Tamerlane and Other Poems, a slim volume, which failed to earn any fame or money. Poe then visited Baltimore, and arranged for the printing of another slim volume, entitled Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems. Then, Allen obtained an appointment for him as a cadet, so on July 1, 1830 he entered West Point Military Academy, making his residence at No. 28 in the South Barracks. Poes military career, however, flopped. After his dismissal, he published a third volume of poetry, this one dedicated to the US Corps of Cadets, for he had taken a subscription from them to raise funds. He then settled in Baltimore with his impoverished aunt, Maria Clemm, her daughter, Virgina Clemm, and his older brother, William Henry Leonard.He tried looking for work as a teacher in Baltimore, but another person got the job and Thomas Willis White hired him as an editor at The Southern Literary Messenger, in which he published short stories, poems, and asco rbic literary reviews. In October, the Clemms joined him, and in May he married his cousin Virginia. The rest of his life, Poe suffered from severe mental depression and declining physical health. In 1838, he published his only novel, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym. In December, 1839, he lost his job because of the intense rumors of his excessive drinking habits. By late 1846, financial woes and Poes own continuing decline ended the magazine (Levin, 18). In January 1847, his wife died in their cottage at Fordham. This made his poverty and instability worst. He continued to write, and engaged in unsuccessful publishing schemes and romances, until, on October 3, 1849, Joseph W. Walker found him unconscious, (thought to be intoxicated) in the street. Poe remained hospitalized, oscillating between a somatic state and violent delirium, until his death at 5 am on the 7th of 1849. We will write a custom essay on The Red Scare specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 , .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .postImageUrl , .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 , .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06:hover , .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06:visited , .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06:active { border:0!important; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06:active , .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06 .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2031169395e9bc99e5b582fd1af68e06:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Identify Marks and Spencers market position and de Essay Order now Poes literature hardly relates to the harsh realities of 19th century life. The dark, chaotic, romantic worlds he created represent an escape from the real, unromantic miseries of life to a place where miseries become grand, beautiful things. The story The Tell Tale Heart portrays the mad obsession of a man with an old mans eye. The narrator in the story tries to convince us that hes not mad, but only he is very careful by planning and executing the crime. Over all the story is about a man obsessed with an old mans eye and the fact that he cannot bare to even look at it. His hatred toward the eye drives him insane and to the point that he plots a way to kill the old man. By the end of the story the man is completely insane, because he imagines and hears the beating of the dead old mans heart buried under the floor boards. He finally confesses out of pure insanity and the police arrest him. By murdering the old man, he will never show his awful eye to anyone ever again. Also there is knowledge that in ancient times the possession of a blue evil eye was the ability to have powers and harm people. We can speculate that the narrator may not have been mad, maybe he knew the tales of the evil powered eyes, and all he wanted to do was to get rid of it, so it wouldnt cause any harm. As the narrator keeps insisting that hes not mad, the reader soon realizes that the fear of the old mans eye has consumed the narrator, who has now fallen into a state of madness. The Fall of the House of Usher, the remediation of two siblings suffering from odd illnesses and their hospitality to an old friend. Roderick and his twin sister Madeline are both suffering from rather strange illnesses. Roderick suffers from a morbid acuteness of the senses; while Madelines illness is characterized by a settled apathy, a gradual wasting away of the person, and frequent although transient affections of a partly cataleptical character which caused her to lose consciousness and feeling. The body would then assume a deathlike rigidity (Stuart, 86).Roderick, in other words is completely mad and then tries to drive the narrator insane too. Madeline is presumed dead, but then appears to them in the night and dies at an instant on Rodericks harms, also taking Roderick with her as she dies. The narrator rushes out of the decayed mansion and as he travels away from it, he sees the mansion begin to shake and crumble. Slowly it falls to the ground leaving just fragments of the Famous House of Usher.In many of Poes stories, the reader and the narrator begin to enter a state of madness and fantasy becomes reality. Here in the story, Roderick accuses the narrator of being insane. But at the end, the narrator escapes and watches the siblings and the house itself fall into its dark end. Every little detail in the story, from the description of the decayed trees outside the house, to the storm that hits when Madeline appears, adds to the cause of Rodericks madness. By being twins, Roderick and Madeline are connected in some peculiar way. As Madeline dies, she takes her twin with her, because in some way they are connected mentally. In the story, when fantasy suppresses reality and the physical self, it results in Rodericks death. Madelines return and actual death reunites the twin natures of their single being, and proves his death as he anticipated in his madness. The narrator is again accused of being a mad man by Roderick at the end of the stories, but even though he is thought to be mad, he still manages to escape before the house crashes down on him. The sorrow of his lost Leonor is the main subject in Poes poem The Raven. The narrator has lost a treasured love named Leonor. In the story he is sad for her return and as the raven appears to him, he decides to ask him questions. All he gets as an answer is nevermore. The narrator then starts to believe that the raven is some kind of evil being and tries to make him leave.The narrator imposes self torture on himself and using the bust of Pallas leads the narrator to think that the raven speaks only of wisdom. When Poe published the story The Raven, he also wrote an essay on the creation of the story, it was titled The Philosophy of Composition. In that essay Poe describes the work of composing the poem as if it were a mathematical problem. The most important thing to consider is the fact that The Raven, as well as many of Poes tales, is written backwards. The effect comes first, and the n the whole plot is set, then the story grows backward from there. Poes tales of ratiocination, e.g. the Dupin tales, are written in the same manner. Nothing is more clear than that every plot, worth the name, must be elaborated to its denouement before anything be attempted with the pen (Poe, 1850). Poe was on a mission to make his story The Raven universally appreciable. So Poe choose as the theme of the poem, beauty, since Beauty is the sole legitimate province of the poem (Poe, 1850). He also used the topic of death in his poem. This was so it could be universally understood. Poe (along with other writers) believed that the death of a beautiful woman was the most poetical use of death, because the death of beauty was tragic. After establishing subjects and tones of the poem, Poe started by writing the stanza that brought the narrator to interrogate the raven, this brought the poem to its climax, in the third verse from the end, Poe worked backwards from this stanza and used the word nevermore in many different ways, so that even with the repetition of this word, it would not prove to be monotonous. Poe builds up tension stanza by stanza, but then after the climaxing stanza he just lets the story fall and lets the narrator know that there is no meaning in searching for a moral in the ravens nevermore. The raven is just a symbol of the narrator mournfulness and his sorrow of his lost Leonor. Poes ways to describe his gothic settings make him similar to Ernest Hemingway. He uses the same ways to describe how things are, so the reader can really imagine them. With his descriptions he makes the reader paranoid about their surroundings, and makes them wonder everything around. Most all of Poes characters, are lonely and mentally distressed people. Most of his characters try to escape the real world and try to enter the insane world they create. By the end of the poems, the characters are considered completely insane or death comes to them. In most cases the main character or the narrator of the story usually enter the insane world, but sometimes he manages to escape and comes back to reality. In conclusion, poe was the creator of the short story. The short story may have excisted before, but Poe perfected it. Even though he perished in a sad and lonely death, he was a genius at his work. He was truly Americas greatest terror and horror writer. So I restate that Poe was one of the greatest writers that ever lived and his mind was of a genius and it should never have put to such torture by the criticism of human kind. His mind was very precious and all we can do now is to feel sorry for him, because being such a gifted writer he shouldnt have died in such a lonely and sad state. .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b , .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .postImageUrl , .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b , .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b:hover , .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b:visited , .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b:active { border:0!important; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b:active , .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ufa8f3be27e18d7fa2d389e1628deca6b:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Adversity EssayBibliography:

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Is Psychological Debriefing Harmful to Trauma Survivors

Is Psychological Debriefing Harmful to Trauma Survivors Disasters and undesirable happenings such as accidents are associated with short-term and long term effects (Bisson, 2002). Most survivors of accidents, floods and terrorist attacks may suffer from trauma. Advertising We will write a custom article sample on Is Psychological Debriefing Harmful to Trauma Survivors? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Most organizations have been instrumental in bringing forth social supportive services to avert development of serious issues. One of such interventions is Psychological Debriefing (PD). It is however important to appreciate that not all have supported the intervention. Grant Devilly and Peter Cotton share the view that PD is harmful in the recovery process of trauma survivors. Mitchell is of the contrary opinion. This paper gives a critical analysis of the authors’ stands. The paper also compares these views with those of the contemporary research. Facts about Psychological Debriefin g Psychological debriefing is usually carried out by organizations for good reasons. Devilly and Cotton regard it as emotional first-aid administered to trauma survivors. PD is part of the interventions of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Devilly and Cotton are of the view that no organization would turn a blind eye towards trauma survivors. This intervention has made PD one of the most widely used procedures (Bisson, 2002). They consider the use of the intervention a routine practice for organizations especially in situations that trigger psychological distress. Bank robberies, fire outbreaks and natural disasters are good examples (Bryant, 2002). Mitchell, on the other hand, suggests that the use of PD may indeed be widespread. However, he emphasizes that only trained persons should handle it. The handling of PD by untrained persons makes it difficult to address issues of trauma. The fact that PD only supplements psychotherapy is supported well supported. Accordingly, PD s hould not be viewed as an alternative to psychotherapy. Rather, it is a crisis intervention measure that offers social support to trauma survivors (Mayou, 2000). Opinions Regarding PD Devilly and Cotton are of the opinion that Critical incident Stress Management (CISM) and Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) are one. They purport that most studies involving CISD have been explained in the CISM scope. It is important to note that this proposition is not supported conclusively. Advertising Looking for article on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, they consider research and practices in PD to be very young. Widespread use of an intervention that is not fully backed by research is critical. Most organizations adopt PD techniques after traumatic experiences (Bryant, 2002). These techniques are regarded to go beyond ‘emotional first-aid’. Mitchell however has different opinions reg arding PD. CISD and CISM are two words that are used exclusively. Mitchell affirms that CISD is a process within CISM. Whereas CISM refers to the field, CISD refers to the group process in the intervention of traumatic experiences. IN ADDITION, Mitchell asserts that much research has been carried out to validate the use of PD in handling trauma cases. PD is Harmful to Survivors of Trauma Most psychologists are of the view that CISM and CISD mitigate the impacts of long term poor functioning (Mayou, 2000). Studies indicate that Post Trauma Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a possible likelihood especially for those exposed to stressful event (Bryant, 2002). Devilly and Cotton concur that history of stress is a prime risk factor for depression. PD increased the probability of developing PTSD. Studies indicate that PD interventions were worse than no-interventions as far as PTSD is concerned. The conditions of people who received CISD deteriorated in regards to other PTSD symptoms AND recove ry. Devilly and Cotton agree that a healthy workforce translates to a productive workforce. However, organizational clinical interventions have shown little or no effects on the performance outcomes. The greatest problem has and is still on developing interventions that avert sick workforce after trauma. PD is regarded as tool that ensures that organizations are protected from litigation. Howell’s case is an indication that CISD are usually conducted on grounds of assisting the traumatized. Devilly and Cotton failed to address some issues in their study. Devilly and Cotton failed to conclude on the CISM/CISD debate. A person who depends on their analysis to distinguish between the two will be more confused. PD is not Harmful to Survivors of Trauma Mitchell insists that PD is not a harmful intervention for trauma survivors. He insists that PD is not traumatic terrorism as Devilly and Cotton purport. The WTO bombing in 2001 was a global issue that called for rapid interventio n. The use of trained police officers to offer debriefing sessions to the victims of the terrorism attack was commendable (Deahl, 2000). This confirms the fact that properly trained persons produce positive outcomes. Advertising We will write a custom article sample on Is Psychological Debriefing Harmful to Trauma Survivors? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Single session debriefings are critically opposed by many organizations like The American Red Cross, Salvation Army and American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress. CISD has been confused with single session debriefings. The confusion that exists between CISM and CISD has been addressed. It is considered wrong to equate the two. CISM is a vast field that incorporates among many some processes such as CISD. The definition of CISM in at least eight peer reviewed journals is a clear attestation that indeed the field is advanced and backed by enough literature. Despite the fact t hat Mitchell insists that PD is not harmful, he fails to give some instances in which the intervention has proved fruitful. In addition, he fails to give the most appropriate time when psychotherapy should be given. How Credible Were the Authors? The credibility of the authors supporting and opposing the intervention of PD varies. Devilly and Cotton argue on grounds of insufficient information. Their discussion opens doors for more debate. They show an open view towards issues of CISD, CISM and early interventions. It is however sad to note that their analysis is premised on personal grounds. They insinuate that Mitchell and Everly are ICISF (International Critical Incident Stress Foundation) directors. This claim is confirmed false. The objectivity of their study is jeopardized by personal differences. Mitchell is fast to counter the views of his opponents. However, he fails to really convince his audience on why PG should be encouraged. Devilly and Cotton give a critical analysi s within their argument. They propose other alternative intervention principles that can be used in place of PD. This approach gives an indication that future research regarding alternative interventions is well grounded. On the contrary, Mitchell fails to give us future improvements on PG interventions which he claims require special handling. Proper cases to support the efficiency and success of PD are lacking. Devilly and Cotton are Right It is true that traumatic interventions are special and require specialized persons. It is absurd to apply PD in situations where the victims are unaware of the implications associated with the procedure (Bisson, 2002). Devilly and Cotton may be ignorant of the differences that exist between CISM and CISD. However, the fact that they give a detailed insight to the two is encouraging.Advertising Looking for article on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This opens the door for more understanding of the underlying principles. The extensive research carried out before as Mitchell purports is not captured anywhere. Mitchell only summarizes the literature by insisting that CISM incorporates CISD. The gains associated with PD are not captured at all. Use of terms such as multi-million dollar industry and trauma tourism is exaggerated and misplaced. It is important to note that the use of PD has only persisted since no other interventions have been practiced. Devilly and Cotton insist that the use of PD has been widespread for several reasons. The fact that organizations fear litigation procedures and feel socially responsible for traumatic occurrences is clear. Devilly and Cotton are therefore correct in their assertion that PD interventions are harmful .The harm is not only psychological for PTSD victims, but also financial for the organizations that seek psychological support for their employees. Contemporary Research Most research findings indicate that PD is harmful to trauma survivors. The procedure is associated with several issues that limit its importance (Deahl, 2000). Studies indicate that most people suffering from PTSD get worse after being subjected to PD. Randomized Clinical Trials have failed to give any substantial benefits associated with the procedure (Mayou, 2000). The understanding of the cultural behavior is a prerequisite towards conducting a successful PD. PD conducted in Sri Lanka after the 2004 Tsunami produced important revelations (Deahl, 2000). It was difficult for ‘traumatologists’ to conduct PDs effectively. Cultural ignorance was the greatest impediment towards the success. Sri Lankans were therefore rendered to be in a state of denial. A trial verifying the efficiency of PD in accident victims proved futile in Oxford (Hobbs, 2006). The fact that PD is considered an act of professionalizing stress is evident. Most people become worse after experiencing traumatic exp eriences. PD intervention is associated with negative ramification (Hobbs, 2006). Most victims are uncomfortable with the psychologists that conduct such briefings. Most victims become more traumatized when true facts regarding their state are shared. It is important that information regarding the possible impacts of the experience is shared. The psychological preparation of trauma survivors is difficult. The fact that unknown persons conduct these briefings on a one-time basis leads to undesirable results (Mayou, 2000). Conclusion It is vitally important to note that traumatic experiences may have long term effects to the survivors. However, organizational interventions should not be compulsory. PD should be offered on voluntary basis to avert serious issues concerned with trauma. Other intervention principles that aim at updating critical management policy and offering immediate practical social support should also be enforced. References Bisson, J. (2002). Randomised controlled trial of psychological debriefing for victims of acute burn trauma. British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 78–81 Bryant, R. (2002). Treating acute stress disorder: an evaluation of cognitive behavior therapy and supportive counselling technques. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1780–1786. Deahl, M. (2000). Preventing psychological trauma in soldiers. The role of operational stress training and psychological debriefing. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 73, 77–85. Hobbs, M. (2006). A randomised controlled trial of psychological debriefing for victims of road traffic accidents. British Medical Journal, 313, 1438–1439 Mayou, R. (2000). Psychological debriefing for road traffic accident victims: three year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 589–593

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Homeland Security Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Homeland Security - Assignment Example I chose to study the New Town High School because this is the school that my daughter attends. She is involved in a number of the school activities, both curricular and co-curricular ones. Besides, this school is in my community and my neighbors’ children attend the same school. For these reasons, any security threat to the school is also a threat to our community; hence it is our responsibility to oversee the security of the school Interviews I interviewed the school principal, a teacher, a parent from the parent teachers’ committee, my daughter, and a junior student. The school principal has a good knowledge of security issues that the school faces, and takes part in formulation of policies that are instituted to address the issues. The teacher has been a member of staff for four years now and his interaction with both the students and administration enables him to access information from the two sides. The parent from the parent teachers’ committee has been a member of the committee for three years now. She interacts with students through her daughter who is a student in the school, and with teachers and faculty in the board. Being a parent in the school, she is concerned about the security issue of the school and lives in the same community the school is in and will give valuable information. My daughter is currently a senior in the school having attended it for the past four years. She actively participates in the school functions such as drills enabling her to interact with other students in an informal capacity, thus being able to pick up any useful information. Lastly, I will interview one junior student who, just like my daughter, participates in a number of activities in the school. The names of the two interviewees are withheld for obvious security reasons. Interviewer: Mr. Principal, could you please tell us the greatest challenges to security and safety of students and staff in the school. Principal: The greatest security chall enges are the manmade threats such as terrorist threats, arson, computer malware, and unprofessional conduct. This is because while we are able to predict and control or prevent natural disasters, we are not able to easily detect and prevent manmade threats because of their malicious intents. The school’s intelligence services are not so sophisticated to get hold of malicious plans beforehand, thus prevention is difficult. Interviewer: What measures has the administration put in place to keep the school safe from natural disasters. Principal: When constructing the premises, we ensured that they were away from fault lines that could lead to earthquakes. We are in constant touch with the meteorological department for any updates on looming disasters. With the break of avian and swine flu, we increased the stock in our clinic with sufficient equipment to detect and treat such pandemics. Besides, our hygiene standards are good with qualified personnel to keep such sanitation outb reaks away. Interviewer: Your school comprises a majority of black students. How are you able to ascertain that they are not a security threat, especially with respect to drug and gang activities. Principal: We are in the process of instituting a full time intelligence service with the help of the Department of Homeland Security. So far, we just look out for any strange activity among the students and investigate. Interviewer: What